wave of multinationals poses competitive threat to U.S.
From: "Sino Economics" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2007 16:04:58 -0700
By William J. Holstein
Sunday, April 22, 2007 http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/04/22/news/econview.php
NEW YORK: A new wave of foreign competitive pressure is beginning to ripple through the U.S. economy, from companies in emerging markets like Brazil, Russia, India and China. These companies are seeking to become world-spanning multinationals - just as Samsung Electronics emerged from South Korea and Toyota sprang from Japan in earlier phases of globalization.
From Brazil, Embraer has become a big supplier of regional jets in the airline industry. Other Brazilian companies, like Braskem, Embraco and Natura, are also expanding in a variety of global markets. Russian companies like Gazprom, Lukoil and Rusal are using Russia's natural resources to leap into the United States and other countries. India is producing powerhouses in technology services like Wipro, Infosys Technologies and Tata Consultancy Services, and global competitors in manufacturing and pharmaceuticals. The world's largest steel company is now controlled by Lakshmi Mittal, an Indian living in Europe.
China may be the largest single source of new multinationals. Aside from Lenovo, which bought IBM's personal computer division, Haier is emerging in appliances, Huawei Technologies is competing against Cisco Systems to sell telecommunications equipment around the world and the Pearl River Piano Group is carving out a huge share of the piano market.
The emergence of these new multinationals is part of "the biggest shift in the global economy since the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century," says Antoine van Agtmael, the author of a new book, "The Emerging Markets Century: How a New Breed of World-Class Companies is Overtaking the World."
"We are seeing a rebalancing of the global economy back to where it was before the Industrial Revolution, when China and India were major powers in the world."
How is it that so many companies that once would have been content to operate in their home markets have so rapidly gained the expertise to manage complex multinational operations? One explanation is the new ease of global communication and air travel. Another is that the necessary expertise is available for sale.
"These companies are hiring people from anywhere in the world," said Peter Williamson, a professor at Insead, the business school, and co-author of "Dragons at Your Door: How Chinese Cost Innovation Is Disrupting Global Competition."
"They're engaging Ogilvy & Mather to do their advertising. They're using McKinsey for their strategy," he said. "There's been a very big shift in the ability to obtain knowledge that once would have been very slow to build up."
Estimates of the number of these new multinationals vary considerably. Van Agtmael's book identifies 25 of them. A study from the Boston Consulting Group last year named 100. Accenture, the consulting firm, says that there were 62 emerging-market multinationals in the Fortune Global 500 in 2005, up from 20 in 1995; it predicts that the number may hit 100 within 10 years. ...
Sirkin says that over the long run, the entry of the new multinationals into the U.S. market will be a "bigger deal" than the previous arrival of Japanese or Korean businesses, if only because countries as big as China and India are likely to spawn many important companies. "We'll see the next Toyota coming from China and the next Samsung coming from India," he said.
The new multinationals represent a far more complex phenomenon than a surge of imported products, which can be blocked or reduced by tariffs and quotas, experts say. These companies will be buying assets, and while political disputes may block some deals, as in the case of a Dubai group aiming to buy American ports or of Haier trying to buy Maytag, there does not seem to be any stopping of the broader trend.
The emerging multinationals will also be building new plants in the United States and offering services and products that are in great demand, like the IBM computers now sold by Lenovo.
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